BASIC R.C. BELIEF
Veneration, homage, adoration and worship are divided into several
categories. The lowest is called dulia, and is the veneration given to
saints. The highest is latria, worship or adoration, given to God (and to
the consecrated Host). Between these is hyper-dulia, the veneration
reserved for the Blessed Virgin Mary.
POST VATICAN II
Some modern theologians have suggested that below hyper-dulia, but above
dulia, should be placed proto-dulia, veneration to Mary's husband, Joseph.
When a Roman Catholic prays before a manger scene, he must employ latria to
Jesus, dulia to Joseph and hyper-dulia to Mary. These technical differences
in qualities of veneration are not understood by the Catholic when he is
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