To understand man fully, we must look at him as a biological,
psychological, and spiritual being. With the advancement of science, the
study of man has become dichotomised into biological, psychological, and
spiritual. Although the rationale for these divisions may appear obvious
to us, man has had no cause for these divisions heretofore. The ancient
Hebrew mind would see no divisions between soul and body.
In studying the healing of man, the professional is taught to be aware of a
psychological basis for physical illness and a physical basis for
psychological distress. Doctors frequently report that they could not
find anything wrong with their patients, yet they were suffering physical
distress. On the other hand, treatment for an abscessed tooth has been
known to relieve depression. Finally, the fact that drug therapy is
effective in the treatment of psychological disorders, testifies that there
is a very close connection between the biology and psychology of man.
Although man is biological, psychological, and spiritual, these three
aspects are closely interrelated.
Application To Homosexuality
The literature and teaching materials published by Metanoia [Love In Action
] and other EXODUS ministries emphasize that homosexuality is a sin that
God is willing, ready, and able to forgive. (I Corinthians 6:11).
Dealing with homosexuality from a spiritual perspective includes
confession, re-pentance, forgiveness, assurance of pardon, along with inner
healing prayer and the integration of Christianity with general counseling
From a psychological perspective we have been strongly influenced by the
work of Elizabeth Moberly who defines the homosexual condition as:
"some deficit in the relationship with the parent of the same sex;
[combined with] a corresponding drive to make good this deficit through the
medium of same-sex or 'homosexual' relationships."
To resolve the homosexual condition, the defensive detachment must be
broken and the legitimate need for same-sex love must be filled. Ed
Hurst in his book. Homosexuality: Laying the Axe to the Roots, speaks of
similar dynamics as well as speaking of a number of other contributing
Taking the spiritual or Christian approach integrated with the
psychological evidence, we feel that we have an excellent handle on how to
help an individual resolve his or her homosexuality. And we have found
this approach to be effective.
Frequently, when I am speaking at various groups, the question of biology
is raised, "I've been told that homosexuals are born that way." This
statement suggest that the person's hormones or genes predetermines him to
be homosexual. The conclusion, then, is that homosexuality is an
unchangeable physical condition with which the person must learn to live;
and that no amount of psychological treatment or spiritual care, short of a
miracle, will free someone from his homosexuality or make him heterosexual.
These arguments along with the Female Primacy Theory, which states that all
people are supposed to be female, were given to my parents to help them
accept my homosexual orientation.
Genetic Theory discarded....
It is helpful at this point, to take a look at what the major researchers
say about a biological basis for homosexuality. Masters and Johnson, the
famous sex therapists, who have no objections to homosexuality per se,
stated in their book Human Sexuality:
"The genetic theory of homosexuality has been generally discarded today";
"despite the interest in possible hormone mechanisms in the origin of
homosexuality, no serious scientist today suggests that a simple cause-
effect relationship applies." (p. 319-320).
The Sex Information and Educational Council of the U.S. (SIECUS), an
organisation, which advocates homosexuality, states in their book Sexuality
"Man does not from birth possess an instinctive desire to achieve any
specific goal in regard to sex, but that his sexual behaviour is at any
time the cumulative result of the learning and conditioning experience he
had." (p. 74).
Lawrence Hatterer, a psychiatrist, who works with men desiring freedom from
homosexuality (from a secular point of view), states in his book Changing
Homosexuality in the Male:
"Homosexuals are made, not born."
On-going research continues to validate this point. There is no evidence
to suggest any biological cause or reason for the homosexual condition.
Female Primacy Theory.
Between the sixth and ninth week of pregnancy a transformation takes place
in the XY (male) fetus. Prior to this time, both the male and the female
fetus are developing with female genitalia. Between the sixth and ninth
week of pregnancy, the XY (male) fetus places a demand for the hormone
androgen on the mother. The androgen will cause the "ovaries" to transform
into testicles and then to descend down the fallopian tubes. Secondly,
the newly formed testicles will begin producing testosterone, which in turn
will cause a penis to develop where the clitoris would have developed in
the XX (female) baby.
In the XX (female) baby, another hormone, cortisone is secreted to block
the effects of the androgen. If the cortisone doesn't block the androgen,
the female child will be born with some masculine traits.
The Female Primacy Theory states that the Y chromosome is really a damaged
X and that all people are really supposed to be female. The conclusion is:
"maleness is only a freak occurrence of nature."
The biology raises questions: Does an insufficient amount of androgen and
testosterone cause homosexuality to develop in the male? Does an
insufficient amount of cortisone cause lesbianism to develop in the female?
From the information summarized above, we believe that biology does not
determine the sexual orientation of the individual. The evidence and
experiences in counseling suggest that homosexuality is caused by
psychological factors, (i.e. Moberly, Hurst, Worthen etc.). Finally, there
is nothing in the literature to suggest that the homosexual male is in any
way biologically significantly different than his heterosexual counterpart.
There is no significant difference between his chromosomes, hormones, nor
the physical appearances of either.
Implications To Homosexuality
It is somewhat comforting to know that the biological aspects of man play
little to no role in the development of homosexuality. If a biological
basis could be found, that would have major implications for the handling
of the homosexual person, first, it might be possible to treat
homosexuality through drug or other therapy. To date this has proved
ineffective. Secondly, if as the current evidence suggest, homosexuality
is not amendable to medical treatment, and there is no psychological basis
for it, the homosexual community would have a basis for claiming that they
are indeed a legitimate minority group entitled to the same rights and
privileges of other minorities based on physical handicap.
Frequently, both our clients and others in the lifestyle claim that they
were aware of their homosexuality or aware that something was different
about them from a very early age. This awareness only means that the roots
to homosexuality are established early in life, not that they are
biologically determined. If, as we believe, the evidence points out,
homosexuality is a psychological condition, then our hope for successful
treatment dramatically increases. What is learned can be unlearned or
learned anew. This also allows Exodus ministries and other helping
professionals to concentrate on specific areas leading to change.
Ultimately, this means that counsel for the homosexual presented in a
totally secular format will be successful. Although that fact helps
validate our techniques, we regret that the Christian principles may be
pulled out at some point.
Metanoia's [and South Australia's Love In Action 's] goal has always been
to lead individuals into a deeper relationship with Jesus Christ over any
other person or thing.
--Douglas A Houck
For further information about homosexuality or about other areas of sexual
brokenness, please contact:
LOVE IN ACTION
G.P.O. Box 1115
ADELAIDE SA 5001
Phone (08) 371 0446
This article is reprinted by permission from
P O Box 33039
Seattle WA 98133-0039
MINISTRY TO HOMOSEXUALS
Database Listing - Ministry To
Christian Resources on Homosexuality on the web
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