By Charles Finney

Edited and paraphrased by Keith Green

"They said therefore to Him, 'What shall we do, that we may work

the works of God?' Jesus answered and said to them, 'This is the work

of God, that you believe in Him whom He has sent.'" (John 6:28-29)

There are multitudes of anxious Christians who are inquiring what

they shall do to overcome the world, the flesh, and the devilThey

overlook the fact that "this is the victory that has overcome the

world - our faith" (1John 5:4) that it is with "the shield of faith"

that they are to "extinguish all the flaming missiles of the evil

one." (Ephesians 6:16) They ask, "Why am I overcome by sin? Why

can't I get above its power? Why am I the slave of my appetites and

passions and the sport of the devil?" They look all around them for

the cause of all this spiritual wretchedness and deathSometimes

they think they have discovered the answer in the neglect of one duty,

and at another time in the neglect of another dutySometimes they

imagine they have yielded to one sin and sometimes in yielding to

anotherThey put forth efforts in this direction and patch up their

righteousness on one side, while they make a tear in the otherThus

they spend years running around in a circle, making dams of sand

across the current of their own corruptions.

Instead of at once purifying their hearts by faith (Acts 15:9),

they are engaged in trying to stop the overflow of its bitter waters.

"Why do I sin?" they inquire; and looking around for the cause, they

come to the same conclusion: "It is because I neglect such and such a

duty!" "But how shall I get rid of sin?" Usual answer: "By doing my

duty, that is by ceasing from sin." Now the real question should be:

Why do they neglect their duty? Why do they commit sin at all? Where

is the foundation of all this mischief? But all this only brings us

back to the real question again:

How are we to overcome this corrupt nature, this wickedness, and

our sinful habits? I answer, BY FAITH ALONENo works of the law

have the least tendency to overcome our sins, but rather they

strengthen the soul in self-righteousness and unbelief.


OTHER SIN IS UNBELIEFThe first thing to do is to give that up - to

believe the Word of GodThere is no breaking away from one sin

without this"Whatever is not of faith is sin." (Romans 14:23)

"Without faith it is impossible to please God." (Hebrews 11:6) Thus

we see that the backslider and convicted Christian, when agonizing to

overcome sin, will almost always try to use the works of the law to

obtain faithThey will fast and pray and read and struggle and

outwardly reform, and thus endeavor to obtain graceBut all this is

in vain and wrongDo you ask, "Shall we not fast and pray and read

and struggle? Shall we do nothing but sit down in cheap security and

inaction?" I answer: You must do all that God commands you to do; but

begin where He tells you to begin, and do it in the manner in which He

commands you to do itThat is - in the exercise of that faith that

works by love(Galatians 5:6) Purify your hearts by faithBelieve

in the Son of God! (1John 5:10)


The first element of saving faith is realizing the truth of the

BibleBut this alone is not saving faith, for Satan also realizes

the truth of the Bible, which makes him tremble(James 2:19) But a

second element in saving faith is the agreement of the heart (or will)

to the truth understood by the mindIt is a cordial trust or resting

of the mind in those truths, and yielding up the whole being to their

influenceNow it is easy to see that without the consent of the

will, there can be nothing but an outward obedience to GodA wife

without confidence in her husband can do nothing more than outwardly

perform her duty to himWorks of law may be performed without faith,

that is, we may serve from fear or hope or some selfish motive, but

without the confidence that works by love, obedience from the heart is

naturally impossible.

By what I've already said, I mean that to seek the grace of faith

by mere human works is an utter abominationIt is as abominable as

to attempt to purchase the Holy Spirit with money(Acts 8:20) It is

to set aside the testimony of God's Word concerning our utter

depravity (helplessness) and attempt to pawn off our unbelieving,

heartless works upon an infinitely Holy GodIt is an attempt to

purchase His favor, instead of accepting grace as His sovereign gift.

To give any other answer to one in unbelief, and to tell him to

perform any work with the expectation that by it he shall obtain faith

is to confirm him in self-righteousness, to prolong his rebellion, to

lead him to settle down in a self-righteous hope to produce in the

end, discouragement and blasphemy.

Because repentance, faith, love, and every other holy exercise

both IMPLY and PROCEED from faith - without confidence in the

character and requirements of God, it is impossible to repentFOR


So it is equally impossible to exercise a trusting love in God without

faithSubmission to God implies the exercise of confidence in God and

in His requirements.

Faith is the only exercise that receives Christ with all His

powerfully sanctifying influences into the heartThe Bible

everywhere represents the sanctified soul as being under the influence

of an indwelling ChristNow the exercise of faith is an opening of

the door by which Christ is received to reign in the heartIf this

is so, the proper direction plainly is to do that which receives

ChristIf this is done, all else will be doneIf this is neglected,

all else will be neglected, of course!


You see why the Church is not sanctifiedThey overlook the

office and necessity of faith as that which alone can produce

acceptable obedience to GodThey are engaged in efforts to obtain

faith by works, instead of first exercising faith which will produce

within them a clean heartAnd in this way they seek in vain for

sanctificationHow common it is to see Christians bustling about with

outward efforts and works - fasting and praying, giving and doing and

struggling - and after all this, they do not have the fruits of the

Spirit: "love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,

meekness, temperance, AGAINST WHICH THERE IS NO LAW." (Galatians 5:22-


You see why the Bible lays so much stress upon faithYou see

what the difficulty is for those who are constantly in a complaining

state in their walk with the LordThey seem to know they are wrong,

but do not understand what the foundation of their wrong consists of.

They sometimes think that a neglect of a certain duty is the grand

difficulty, and sometimes their mind fastens upon something else that

is the prime difficulty in their caseThey set themselves to break

off from one sin and another, they practice this self-denial and that

duty, and all without that faith that fills the heart with loveThus

they go round and round in a circle and do not see that unbelief is

their great, their damning sin, without the removal of which NO OTHER

SIN can be repented of or forgiven. All their efforts are entirely

legal, hypocritical, and vain until they exercise faith.

If persons without faith, in an unsanctified state, set

themselves to obey the commandments of God, their efforts must

necessarily be legal, self-righteous, and destructive. To them the

directions of the Gospel, as well as the commandments of the law, are

a horrible pit of miry clay, the more he struggles the deeper he

sinks. Every effort at obedience without faith is sin, and as it

confirms self-righteousness, is sinking him further and further from

God and rational hope. And the more violently he struggles, the more

desperate and alarming his case becomes. The clay surrounds him and

cleaves to him, suffocates and kills him. Just so the commands of God

to an unbelieving heart are a snare and a pit. Without faith, there

is ruin and damnation in them.

To the careless, unawakened sinner who knows nothing of his

lostness, it might be important and proper to direct his attention to

the law of God to bring conviction - not with the expectation of

promoting holiness in him, but of convicting him of sin. Thus we find

Christ requiring the rich young man who is wrapped up in self-

righteousness to keep the commandments, bringing out before his mind

his supreme love of the world and of things. (Luke 18:18-23)

You see how to the Jews and to all unbelievers, the commandments

of God are a stumbling block. All outward conformity to them is

useless and ruinous. Love without faith is impossible. And

consequently, the merciful directions and instructions contained in

the dos and the don'ts of the Bible are made the food of self-

righteousness and the snare of death. But to those whose souls are

full of faith and love, the commandments of God are just the

instruction which they need when, in their ignorance, they earnestly

inquire what they shall do to glorify God. "Do this and avoid that,"

and the like, are just the things upon which hearts of love will seize

as the needed directions of their Heavenly Father.

But someone may inquire, "Do not men learn to exercise faith by

what you call legal efforts and an obedience to the legal directions?"

No. They only learn by experience that all such directions are vain,

and that they are totally depraved and dependent, which they ought to

have believed before. They set themselves to pray and read and

struggle, expecting at every meeting they attend, with every prayer

they make, to obtain grace and faith. But they never do until they

are completely discouraged and despair of obtaining help in this way.

And the history of every self-righteous sinner's conversion and every

anxious Christian's sanctification would develop this truth: that

deliverance does not come until their self-righteous efforts are

proved by their own experience to be utterly vain, and abandoned as

useless - and the whole subject thrown upon the sovereign mercy of

God. This submitting a subject to the sovereign mercy of God is that

very act of faith which they should have put forth long before, but

which they would not exercise until every other means had been tried

in vain!

But perhaps you will say, "If by this self-righteous struggle

they learn their depravity and dependence, and in this matter come to

prove by their own experience the truth of God, why not encourage them

to make these efforts as at least an indirect way of obtaining faith?"

Answer: Blasphemy and drunkenness and any of the most shocking sins

may be, and often have been, the means of working conviction which has

resulted in conversion. Why not encourage these things to possibly

bring about ultimate salvation for some?

The truth is, when a sinner's attention is awakened and he is

convicted and puts forth the inquiry, "What shall I do?" and when a

Christian, struggling with his remaining corruption, puts for this

same inquiry, why should they be thrown into the horrible pit of which

I have spoken? Why not tell them at once, in the language of the

text, "This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He has

sent"? (John 6:29)

Let me say to you who would make the inquiry, "How can I overcome

sin?" don't wait to fast, read, pray, or anything else - don't expect

to break off from any sin in your unbelief! You may break off from

the outward commission - you may substitute praying for swearing, or

reading your Bible for reading magazines, outward employment and

honesty for theft and idleness, soberness for drunkenness, and

anything you please - but this, without faith, is after all, only

exchanging one form of sin for another - it is only varying the mode

of your rebellion towards God. For remember that in unbelief,

whatever your conduct is, you are still in rebellion against God.

Faith would instantly sanctify your heart, sanctify all your doings,

and render them in Christ Jesus, acceptable to God.

My dear friend, you inquire whether you shall obtain holiness by

reading the Bible, or by prayer, fasting, or by all these together.

Now let this sermon answer you and know that by neither nor by all of

these, in the absence of faith, are you to grow any better, or find

any relief. You speak of being in darkness and of being discouraged.

No wonder you are so, since you have plainly been seeking

sanctification by outward works. You have "stumbled over the

stumbling stone." (Romans 9:32) You are in that pit of miry clay.

Immediately exercise faith upon the Son of God! It is the first, the

only thing you can do to rest your feet upon the Rock - and it will

immediately put a new song into your mouth!

Contributed by The Manna System


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